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What is womb cancer?

Your womb is like a muscular bag where a baby would be held during pregnancy, and the endometrium is its lining.

Please note: Some advice, such as visiting a GP face-to-face, may not be relevant while COVID-19 social distancing measures are in place


You may hear endometrial cancer being called womb cancer, but there are other cancers that take place in the womb.

Around 9,300 women are diagnosed with womb cancer in the UK each year.

What are the symptoms?

The most common symptom of womb cancer is any bleeding from the vagina that isn’t usual for you.

If you have been through the menopause, then any bleeding from your vagina would be unusual.

If you haven’t yet been through the menopause, any bleeding that is heavier than normal or any bleeding between your usual period could be a symptom.

When should I see a GP?

It's unlikely your symptoms will be caused by womb cancer, but it's important to see your doctor if you notice unusual bleeding just in case.

Make a note of dates, length or heaviness of bleeding to describe to them. Your doctor will ask you some questions and may also do an internal examination.

You may need to see a specialist doctor for further tests if your doctor thinks this is needed.

What treatments are available?

There are a few different treatments for cancer of the womb. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy are sometimes used.

The most common way to treat cancer of the womb is to remove the womb. This is called a hysterectomy and it often involves removing the ovaries and fallopian tubes. As a result, you would no longer be able to get pregnant.

If you haven’t yet gone through the menopause and would like to later become pregnant, it may be possible to use hormone therapy instead.

Can I die from womb cancer?

How cancer of the womb affects you depends on many things, including:

  • how big the cancer was when it was diagnosed
  • whether the cancer has spread
  • how the cancer cells look under a microscope
  • your age.

Find out more about womb cancer, including symptoms, treatment and when to see a GP:

Visit the NHS website